Ph.D. Sociology, 2016
The Graduate Center, City University of New York
Dissertation Committee: Patricia Ticineto Clough (chair); Lynn Chancer, Stanley Aronowitz
Title: “Empty Metal Jacket: The Biopolitical Economy of War and Medicine”
Outside Readers: David Serlin, University of California, San Diego; Jackie Orr, Syracuse University
M. Phil. Graduate Center, City University of New York, 2011
M. A. Fordham University; B. A. Ohio University
As a research scientist, my work addresses the intersections between culture, politics, economy, and society. Research and publications contribute to the intellectual discourses of sociology and criminology, which include: the Sociology of Violence, Youth Violence, War Crimes, and Political Economy. I am published in Social Text, Perspectives on Politics, Transmissions, and The Feminist Wire. My doctoral project explored combat injury and casualty statistics as racialized productions of violence.
Criminology and Criminal Justice
Violence & Socio-Political Conflict; Youth Violence; Firearms
War and War Crimes
Policing, Crime, Surveillance, and Social Media
“Empty Metal Jacket: The Biopolitical Economy of War & Medicine” explores the research question: how did war shape the social organization of medicine? I address this through a study that examines the history of combat injury, where I demonstrate how violence shaped the political economy of medicine. My work builds on a literature and theory addressed to cutting-edge theories in violence studies, science studies, trauma studies, and theories of affect and biopolitics to address how war became a problem-solving paradigm for institutions.
Findings illustrate the role institutions play in creating violent ecologies, which produce social differences that become embodied. In particular, they speak to the history of white social groups hurting themselves in order to maintain gender and racial dominance.
My research employed a mixed methodology, combining genealogical methods, covert ethnographic methods, and archival/historical interpretive methods to argue that wounded soldiers (war casualties) constitute a material nexus for medical knowledge production – a circulation that is socially reproduced by institutions that perpetuate ongoing violence, death, and injury. I conclude we must re-think the transcendence of medicine through war and neoliberal capitalism: funding medicine on the basis of war that makes human subjects out of soldiers, who cannot ethically consent to have their bodies undone any more than medicine might be practiced ethically when its advance depends on violence.
This work makes a contribution to theorizing violence, capitalism, and institutional racism while calling attention to the instrumental role played by soldiers to life-saving medical advance. That is, it calls attention to the infrastructural aspects of violence that benefit medicine. Situating developments in medicine within a social context shaped by war helps to reveal how military violence increasingly is penetrating the social spaces of everyday life.
I am beginning work on a survey research project that looks at geographies of rage – “Knowledge Wars: Firearms, College Students, and Social Identity.” I am also interested in new approaches to studying crime through social media.
Autonomously teach core undergraduate courses in Social Theory, Criminal Justice, Research Methods in addition to other criminology and social science electives. Students are graduates and undergraduates from diverse backgrounds in terms of academic preparation, ethnicity, race, and religion, and include adult learners, veterans, and non-traditional students.
Instructional delivery methods include traditional as well as hybrid/online distance learning pedagogy. I am presently funded by Penn State to teach traditional face-to-face courses and to develop online courses in Criminology.
My teaching expertise has been focused to core course offerings in sociology and criminology. However, based on expertise developed in my research and graduate coursework, I am able to address interdisciplinary work that cuts across these fields, including American studies and anthropology.
Elective courses that I have not taught, but might draw from research to inform my teaching might include “Youth Violence,” “Firearms, Violence, and Social Identity,” “Mass Shootings and Violent Episodic Crime,” “Firearms and Public Policy,” and “Police Accountability.”
I have taught in large public schools in addition to small elite liberal arts colleges in the New York tri-state area (see summary below); this includes small (n = 15-30), medium (n = 35-60), and large (n = 150+) course sections. This demonstrates I am well-positioned to adjust to as well as thrive in different institutional environments.
Classical and Contemporary Social Theory * Social Research Methods * Social Analysis * Social Problems * Deviance, Drugs & Social Control * Criminology * Criminal Justice *Policing & Corrections * Conflict & Violence * Crime & Criminals * Social Stratification* War & Society * Race, Class, Gender, Sexuality & Social Inequality * Political Sociology * Race & Ethnicity * Crime and Justice in Urban Society (Research Capstone) * Sociology of the Body, Medicine & Health
Present: Visiting Professor, Penn State University, Berks, Pa
2016-2017 – Visiting Affiliate Assistant Professor, Loyola University of Maryland, Baltimore, MD
2010-2016 – Adjunct Lecturer, City University of New York, Hunter/Queens/York Colleges
2008-2010 – Graduate Teaching Fellow, Queens College
Large Public – The City University of New York; State University of New York
Small Private – Drew University, NJ; Marymount College, Manhattan, NY; Lafayette College, PA
Catholic – Loyola University of Maryland, MD; College of Mount Saint Vincent, NY
Community College – Laguardia Community College, Criminal Justice Academy, City University of New York
Peer Reviewed Publications
2017. “Knowledge is for Cutting: Waging War on the Human Terrain.” Sandra L. Trappen. Transmissions: Journal of Film and Media Studies. September 30, 2017, Vol 2; pp. 100-116.
2013. “Mayberry R.F.D. Will Not Be Presented Tonight.” Sandra L. Trappen and Patricia Clough (Eds.). Social TextPeriscope, Spring.
2013. “Always at War: Economy, Labor, Life, and Blood.” Sandra L. Trappen and Patricia Clough (Eds.). Social TextPeriscope, Spring. Journal Guest Editor.
Solicited and edited author submissions. Worked with publisher’s editorial staff to coordinate logistics for publication.
- (forthcoming/in press) Sandra Trappen. Review of “The Frankfurt School in the 21st Century,” by Diana Boros and James M. Glass (Palgrave-Macmillian, 2014). Perspectives on Politics, Vol 14, Dec 2017.
2018. Trappen, Sandra L., Veterans and Disability In. (Heller, T., Parker Harris, S., Gill, C. and Gould, R. (Eds.) Disability in American Life: An Encyclopedia of Policies, Concepts, and Controversies. Santa Barbara, CA: ABC-CLIO. July, 31, 2018.
Open Access – Social Media
2013. “War and Disability.” Sandra L. Trappen. Feminist Wire. November 25, 2013.
Guest panelist on “Open Dialogue” – a discussion panel show produced by Accessible Media Inc.,(AMI) of Toronto, Canada. AMI is a not-for-profit multimedia organization, whose mission is to provide programming for Canadians who are blind, partially sighted, deaf, hard of hearing, mobility or print restricted. The program’s focus was war and disability. Experts discussed the physical and mental challenges soldiers face in combat, the injuries they sustain, and the barriers they face when returning home. Programming broadcast on cable TV, Bell Aliant 66, Rogers 196, Shaw & Telus 889, and Sirius XM channel 172 – October 2016.
MANUSCRIPTS IN PREPARATION
Book: Wounding Warriors: The Violent Ecology of Combat Injury
Guest Manuscript Reviewer, Differences: A Journal of Feminist Cultural Studies, Brown University
2014 Visual Research Methods, University of Edinburgh, UK
Cultural Studies Association (CSA): Policing Crises Now. Villanova University, Philadelphia, Pa, June 2016
Paper Accepted: “Middle-Range Theories and Long-Range Missiles: Science as Performance”
Crossroads Conference, University of Tampere, July 2014, Tampere, Finland.
Paper presented: “War and Remains: Digital Ethnography, Self-Making, and the Embodied
Contradictions of War.”
Gender, Bodies & Technology: Performing the Human, May 2014, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Blacksburg, VA
Paper Presented: “Making War, Making Bodies”
SSSP Annual Meeting, August 2013, New York, NY
Paper presented: “War, Medical Normalization, and Disability”
Minding the Body Conference, Graduate Center, CUNY, March 2013, New York, NY
Paper presented: “The Body as the Scene of War”
Eastern Sociological Society, March 2013, Boston, MA
Paper presented: “Ethical Issues & Military Research: Research Methods and the Human Terrain”
International Conference on The Body, Graduate Center, CUNY, April 2011, New York, NY
Paper presented: “War, Traumatic Injury and Embodied Conflict”
Cultural Studies Association, March 2011, Columbia College, Chicago, Illinois
Paper presented: “Technoscience as Fetish: Making Weapons and Bodies”
Cultural Studies Association, March 2010, University of California, Berkeley
Paper presented: “The Body at War: Between Discipline and Biopolitics”
Eastern Sociological Society, Military Sub-conference, March 23, 2013, Boston , MA
Panel Discussant: “Micro to Macro Military Issues”
Eastern Sociological Society, March 22, 2009, Baltimore, Maryland
Panel Presider and Discussant: “Military and Health”
GRANTS & AWARDS
2017 Frank Franco Research Award ($500)
2014 Professional Staff Congress Development Program ($2,600)
2011 Presidential Research Travel Fund Grant, CUNY Graduate Center ($1,000)
2011 Doctoral Student Research Grant, City University of New York ($1,000)
2010 Sue Rosenberg Zalk Travel and Research Grant, CUNY Graduate Center ($500)
2007-2010 Graduate Teaching Fellowship (GTF), The Graduate Center, City University of New York (3 years tuition remission)
2004-2006 Graduate Fellowship, Fordham University (2 years, $20,000 per year)
1985 Pallas Athena Award, Ohio University (citation for outstanding graduate, Honors Tutorial College)
1985 AUSA Department of the Army citation for number one ranked Army graduate at Ohio University
1983 ROTC Scholarship, Ohio University (2 years, $10,000 per year)
Project Assistant, 2007-2008 (6 months)
Princeton University, Dr. Katherine Newman, Director, Sociology Dpt. And Joint Degree
Program, Princeton University
Conducted internet-based research in support of content development for the public policy focused Joint Degree Program at Princeton University.
Graduate Student Researcher, 2007(6 months)
CUNY Graduate Center, Dr. Janet Gornick, Director, Luxembourg Income Study (LIS)
Assisted Director of a large transnational data archive based in Luxembourg; Performed policy related research in support of a qualitative transnational study of OECD social welfare benefits; Constructed data tables and cross-checked content with data sources to determine relevance and accuracy; Copy edited table contents.
CUNY Graduate Center
American Sociological Association
Eastern Sociological Association
British Sociology Association
International Sociological Association
Society for the Study of Social Problems
Cultural Studies Association
American Studies Association
1990 – 2004: Managerial, operations, sales, and marketing roles for Fortune 100 listed companies, including Baxter Healthcare Corp., Cigna, United Healthcare, and BAE Systems.
U.S. Army: Lieutenant, 5th Signal Command, Vicenza, Italy: Signals Intelligence, Cryptography, Intelligence Data Collection Management.
U.S. Army: Captain, 22nd Area Support Group, Southern European Task Force, Vicenza, Italy, 1986-1989. Defense Logistics Management for Italy, Greece, Turkey, and the Sinai.
U.S. Government Security Clearance: Secret/Clearable (2013)
Patricia Clough (CUNY Graduate Center, Committee Chair): 212-817-8770; firstname.lastname@example.org
Lynn Chancer (CUNY Hunter College, Department Chair): 212-772-5585; email@example.com
Stanley Aronowitz (CUNY Graduate Center, Committee Member): 212-817-2001; firstname.lastname@example.org
Jackie Orr (Syracuse University, Committee Member): 315-443-5758; email@example.com
Jennifer Wynn (CUNY Justice Academy Director, LaGuaradia Community College ): 917-696-4912; firstname.lastname@example.org
History of Science, Technology, Medicine & Politics; Medical Technology; Body Politics; Technology & Society; Social Media; Internet; Political Economy; Capitalism; Neoliberalism; Organizations & Institutions; Nationalism; National Identity; Comparative Historical Sociology; Theoretical Sociology; Subjectivity & Personhood; Embodiment; Deviance & Social Control; Peace, Conflict, & Violence; Gender & War; Military Culture; Critical Military Studies; Surveillance Studies; Working-class Masculinities; Criminology; Policing